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Collagen and gelatin: The missing links in our contemporary menu

Collagen and gelatin: The missing links in our contemporary menu

As with all organisms, the proteins in the human body are the basis of life. Different organs and systems require various proteins serving a number of functions: in blood (to transfer molecules), for digestion (enzymes to degrade food), in molecules (to start a movement) and so on. These are the so called “functional” proteins. But, there’s a second kind of proteins – “structural”, which don’t serve particular function but instead build and maintain the strength and structure of the human body. Collagen is the most common protein in our body (25-35% of all) and serves both functional and structural role. Collagen gives the body structures strength and elasticity, and builds not only skin but bones, joints, cartilages, tendons, internal organs, blood vessels and cornea. As we age, the body’s ability to produce collagen decreases significantly which leads to occurrence of wrinkles, spots on the skin, decreased bone density (osteoporosis), joint…
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Can we get enough vitamins from food

Can we get enough vitamins from food

Can we only count on food to obtain the necessary vitamins and minerals? Studies show this might not be a good idea. I believe for the majority of Fitbg.net readers healthy lifestyle is a way of life. The modern man is flooded with all kinds of information sources about nutrition – some trusty, other completely wrong. So my mission is to give you the right facts and knowledge so you could distinguish the truth from the nutrition myths. Today’s topic is “vitamins” – these crucial organic substances needed for the proper flow of the body processes. And more specifically, I want us together to find the answer to a very common question these days: Is it possible to obtain optimal amounts of vitamins only through food? Myth #1: We can get the needed dose of vitamins only through food In my practice I work and meet with many people, most of who, one way or another try to eat environmentally friendly. I believe you too are smart enough to take care of the quality…
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Protein: The building block of living matter

Protein: The building block of living matter

Protein is one of the most important constituents of living matter. Without it life would be unthinkable. All life processes are dependent on protein - for example, digestion and absorption of nutrients are impossible without the involvement of digestive enzymes that are inherently proteins. Proteins have many functions in the human body related to basic movement, reproduction, growth, hormonal regulation, heredity, etc. Protein is the material that cells use to build and regenerate tissues. And we are not just talking about muscle tissue - protein is involved in the development of skin, hair, nails, bones and connective tissue. Protein is the second most common substance (water is the first) in the human body (about 80-90% of total organic composition of animal tissue is protein). And if proteins are the "bricks" of the human body, then amino acids are the building blocks that make up those bricks. In the composition of proteins, there are 20 amino acids, 11 of which the human…
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Tribulus terrestris

Tribulus terrestris

What is tribulus terrestris? Tribulus terrestris is an herb that has many effects: it increases metabolism, stimulates muscle mass building and sexual drive. Application The herb is used to treat digestion problems and to lower blood pressure. It also lowers cholesterol levels, soothing the nervous system. Tribulus terrestris has a diuretic effect and is used to treat kidney stones. Bodybuilders use it to increase testosterone levels, strength and muscle mass. Tribulus terrestris is widespread in all parts of the world. The active substance in the herb is called protodioscin (a steroidal saponin) and depending on where the herb is grown, its amount is different. It is well known that the Bulgarian variety tribulus terrestris has the greatest amount of protodioscin compared to herbs sourced from China or India. The active substance increases the amount of synthesized luteinizing hormone (also known as lutropin or LH) secreted by gonadotropic cells in the pituitary gland. This hormone stimulates…
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Goji berries: Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory superfood!

Goji berries: Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory superfood!

What are goji berries? Goji berries are red berries that are very small delicate yet abundant with nutrients. The home of goji berries is Tibetan Himalayas and Northern China. They are known by many names: "red diamond", "pleasure seeker", or even "plant viagra". Of course, these names are derived from their effects. Nutrients 6 essential vitamins 11 key elements 22 minerals 18 amino acids 8 polysaccharides 6 monosaccharides 5 unsaturated fatty acids (alpha-linoleic acid, beta-sitosterol and other phytosterols) 5 carotenoids, including beta carotene, lutein and others many phenolic pigments (antioxidants) Nutritional value in 100 g of fruit calcium – 112 mg potassium – 1 130 mg iron – 9 mg zinc – 2 mg selenium – 50 mcg riboflavin – 1.3 mg vitamin C – between 29 and 148 mg Goji berries contain many phytochemicals: beta carotene: 7 mg per 100 g of dried fruit zeaxanthin: up to 200 mg per 100 g of dried fruit polysaccharides:…
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Coconuts: Superfood or Super villain?

Coconuts: Superfood or Super villain?

It's no secret that the opinions on coconut and coconut products are divided – which I personally find quite strange because coconuts have many important health benefits. But despite the distrust of some of us, coconut oil, coconut milk and coconut water are becoming more popular as people read and try out for themselves the benefits of these products. In fact, it is interesting that some of these benefits are found only in this fruit. Coconut oil I'll start with one important clarification: by coconut oil we mean pure cold-pressed oil, not cheap hydrogenated version (something you really do not want to eat). The most interesting feature of coconut oil is that it is one of the richest natural sources of medium-chain fatty acids – fats that are quickly metabolized by the body. Long-chain fatty acids, which are found in polyunsaturated fats that most people use (sunflower oil, canola oil, corn oil, and other vegetable oils) take more effort for the body to be broken down…
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All about antioxidants

All about antioxidants

Although the term "antioxidants" has become a favorite buzz word of media and marketing specialists, most people do not actually know what they are and what benefits they provide for our health. The terminology and concepts on antioxidants is relatively complicated, but I'll try to explain it in the simplest and most accessible way so that you can understand it. What are antioxidants and what are their functions? To understand what antioxidants are, we need to go at the molecular level. As you know, matter in the universe is made of atoms. Each atom consists of a nucleus of protons and neutrons, and electrons orbiting the nucleus. Electrons have a negative (-) charge and protons in the nucleus are positively (+) charged. When two or more atoms join together they form a molecule. The human body is made up of building blocks such as proteins, lipids, DNA, etc. that are nothing more but molecules made up of dozens, hundreds, even thousands of atoms. However, this structure is…
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A fad diet or a lifestyle: The choice is yours!

A fad diet or a lifestyle: The choice is yours!

In today's article I want to stress that diet is not just a way to lose weight but a lifestyle. Every diet plan or restriction will give positive or negative results. But when we go back to our old habits and lifestyle our body will return back to its previous condition. How should we deal with that? We should change our lifestyle Every diet we follow but later quit will lead to yo-yo effect. Why? Because all types of diets exist: low-carb, high-fat, fasting and countless scam ads about pills for fast results. Most of these things provide good results in the short term. I personally could not eat only meat and cucumbers or eat a few apples a day so as to achieve good body composition. How people act? Most of them start a diet and a training plan. At the beginning they are full of motivation. The problem comes after that when we stop training and eating properly and return to our previous habits. We slowly ease off and our body gets back to the starting position (or in some…
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